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Wednesday, 14 December 2016

Chapter 12 Exercise 15, Introduction to Java Programming, Tenth Edition Y. Daniel LiangY.

12.15 (Write/read data) Write a program to create a file named Exercise12_15.txt
if it does not exist. Write 100 integers created randomly into the file using text I/O.
Integers are separated by spaces in the file. Read the data back from the file and
display the data in increasing order.

import javafx.scene.control.TextField;

public class Kit {

    public static final int NOT_VALID = -1;


    public static String randomNumbers(int size) {

        String s = "";
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            s += " " + (int) (Math.random() * 100);
        }

        return s;
    }

    public static Object[] getArray(Object... objects) {
        Object[] temp = new TextField[objects.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < objects.length; i++) {
            temp[i] = objects[i];
        }
        return temp;
    }

    public static String binaryFormat(String binaryString) {


        StringBuilder string = new StringBuilder(binaryString);


        int extraZeros = string.length() % 4;

        if (extraZeros != 0) {
            for (int i = 0; i < extraZeros; i++) {
                string.insert(0, "0");
            }
        }

        for (int i = string.length() - 1; i >= 0; i--) {

            if (i % 4 == 0 && i != 0) {
                string.insert(i, " ");
            }
        }

        return string.toString();

    }
    public static String hexToBinary(String hex) {

        return decimalToBinary(hexToDecimal(hex));
    }

    public static String decimalToBinary(long n) {

        StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        while (n > 0) {

            stringBuilder.insert(0, n & 1);
            n >>= 1;
        }

        return stringBuilder.toString();
    }

    public static String decimalToHex(long n) {

        StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        while (n > 0) {

            stringBuilder.insert(0, decimalToHexChar(n % 16));
            n /= 16;

        }

        return stringBuilder.toString();
    }
    public static long hexToDecimal(String hex) {

        if (!isHexadecimal(hex)) return NOT_VALID;

        long n = 0;

        int placeValue = hex.length() - 1;
        for (int i = 0; i < hex.length(); i++) {

            char ch = hex.charAt(i);

            if (isNumeric(ch)) {
                n += (charToDecimal(ch) * Math.pow(16, placeValue--));
            } else {
                n += hexLetterToInt(ch) * Math.pow(16, placeValue--);

            }
        }
        return n;
    }

    private static int hexLetterToInt(char ch) {

        ch = Character.toUpperCase(ch);

        return (ch - 'A' + 10);
    }

    /** returns Z is n is > 15 */
    private static char decimalToHexChar(long n) {

        if (n > 15) return 'Z';
        if (n > 9) return (char)(n % 10 + 'A');


        return (char)(n + '0');
    }
    public static long stringToDecimal(String s) {

        long n = 0;
        int placeValue =  s.length() - 1;

        for (int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++) {

            int valid = charToDecimal(s.charAt(i));

            if (valid == NOT_VALID) return NOT_VALID;

            n += (Math.pow(10, placeValue--) * valid);

        }

        return n;
    }

    public static String decimalToString(long n) {

        StringBuilder s = new StringBuilder();

        while (n != 0) {

            s.insert(0, n % 10);
            n /= 10;
        }

        return s.toString();
    }

    public static int charToDecimal(char ch) {

        if (!isNumeric(ch)) return NOT_VALID;

        return ch - '0';

    }
    public static boolean isNumeric(String s) {

        for (int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++) {

            if (!isNumeric(s.charAt(i))) return false;
        }

        return true;
    }
    public static boolean isNumeric(char ch) {

        return (ch >= '0' && ch <= '9');
    }

    public static boolean isHexadecimal(String s) {

        for (int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++) {

            if (!isHexValid(s.charAt(i))) return false;
        }

        return true;
    }

    public static boolean isHexValid(char ch) {

        ch = Character.toUpperCase(ch);

        return isCharAtRange(ch, '0', '9') || isCharAtRange(ch, 'A', 'F');

    }


    public static boolean isCharAtRange(char ch, char start, char end) {

        return !(ch < start || ch > end);

    }

    public static int count(String str, char a) {

        int count = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {

            if (str.charAt(i) == a) count++;
        }

        return count;
    }

    public static void displayGrid(int[][] grid) {

        for (int[] aGrid : grid) {

            System.out.printf("%20s", "");
            for (int k = 0; k < aGrid.length; k++) {
                System.out.printf("|%-2d|", aGrid[k]);
            }
            System.out.println("");
        }

    }

    public static void displayGrid(int[] grid) {
        for (int i = 0; i < grid.length; i++) {

            System.out.printf("%-4d ", grid[i]);
            if ((i + 1) % 10 == 0)
            System.out.println("");
        }

    }

    public static void displayTimesTable(int x, int y) {
        // display 8x8 numbered grid to help solve exercise
        for (int i = 1; i <= y; i++) {

            System.out.printf("%20s", "");
            for (int k = 1; k <= x; k++) {
                System.out.printf("|%-2d|", i * k);
            }
            System.out.println("");
        }
    }

    public static int[] makeUnsortedArray(int size, int range) {
        int[] array = new int[size];

        for (int i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
            array[i] = (int) (Math.random() * range + 1);
        }

        return array;
    }

    public static double[][] makeUnsortedArray(int rows, int columns, int range) {
        double[][] array = new double[rows][columns];

        for (int i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {

            for (int j = 0; j < array[i].length; j++) {
                array[i][j] = (int) (Math.random() * range + 1);
            }
        }

        return array;
    }


    public static int[] merge(int[] list1, int[] list2) {

        int[] merge = new int[list1.length + list2.length];
        int m = 0, l1 = 0, l2 = 0;
        boolean l1isFinished = false;
        boolean l2isFinished = false;

        while (!l1isFinished || !l2isFinished) {

            if (l1 == list1.length) l1isFinished = true;
            if (l2 == list2.length) l2isFinished = true;
            if (l1isFinished && l2isFinished) break;

            if (!l1isFinished && l2isFinished) merge[m++] = list1[l1++];
            else if (!l2isFinished && l1isFinished) merge[m++] = list2[l2++];
            else if (list1[l1] <= list2[l2]) merge[m++] = list1[l1++];
            else if (list2[l2] <= list1[l1]) merge[m++] = list2[l2++];

        }
        return merge;
    }

    public static boolean isSorted(int[] numbers) {

        for (int i = 0; i < numbers.length - 1; i++) {

            if (numbers[i] > numbers[i + 1]) return false;

        }
        return true;
    }

    public static void displayMatrix(double[][] matrix) {
        for (double[] aMatrix : matrix) {

            for (int column = 0; column < aMatrix.length; column++) {
                System.out.printf("%5.0f ", aMatrix[column]);
            }
            System.out.printf("\n");
        }
    }

    public static void display(Object[] objects) {

        int count = 1;
        for (Object o : objects) {
            System.out.printf("%4s\n", o.toString());
            if (count % 10 == 0) {
                System.out.println("");
            }
            count++;
        }
    }
}

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Scanner;

public class Exercise_15 {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        File filename = new File("Exercise12_15.txt");
        if (!filename.exists()) {
            System.out.println(filename + " already exists...");
            //System.exit(1); // this is commented out so file can still be read
        }

        // writing 100 integers to into the file
        try {
            PrintWriter out = new PrintWriter(filename);
            out.print(Kit.randomNumbers(100));
            out.close();
            System.out.println("Wrote to file...");
        } catch (FileNotFoundException ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }

        System.out.println("Reading from file...");
        ArrayList<Integer> list = new ArrayList<>();
        try {
            Scanner input = new Scanner(filename);
            while (input.hasNextInt()) {
                list.add(input.nextInt());
            }

        } catch (FileNotFoundException ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }

        // simple solution to sort
        //Collections.sort(list);

        // Manual solution
        sort(list);
        System.out.println(list);
    }

    public static void sort(ArrayList<Integer> list) {

        for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
            int currentMin = list.get(i);
            int currentIndex = i;
            for (int j = i + 1; j < list.size(); j++) {
                if (list.get(j) < currentMin) {
                    currentIndex = j;
                    currentMin = list.get(j);
                }
            }

            if (currentIndex != i) {
                list.set(currentIndex, list.get(i));
                list.set(i, currentMin);
            }
        }

    }


}

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