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Wednesday, 28 December 2016

Chapter 16 Exercise 8, Introduction to Java Programming, Tenth Edition Y. Daniel LiangY.

16.8 (Geometry: two circles intersect?)
Write a program that enables the user to specify the location
and size of the circles and displays whether the two circles
intersect, as shown in Figure 16.39a. Enable the user to point the
mouse inside a circle and drag it. As the circle is being dragged,
the circle’s center coordinates in the text fields are updated.

import javafx.scene.shape.Circle;

public class Circle2D  extends GeometricObject {

    private double x;
    private double y;
    private double radius;

    public Circle2D(Circle c) {
        this(c.getCenterX(), c.getCenterY(), c.getRadius());
    }
    public Circle2D(double x, double y, double radius) {
        this.x = x;
        this.y = y;
        this.radius = radius;
    }

    public Circle2D() {
        this(0, 0, 1);
    }

    public double getX() {
        return x;
    }

    public void setX(double x) {
        this.x = x;
    }

    public double getY() {
        return y;
    }

    public void setY(double y) {
        this.y = y;
    }

    public double getRadius() {
        return radius;
    }

    public void setRadius(double radius) {
        this.radius = radius;
    }

    @Override
    public double getArea() {
        return radius * radius * Math.PI;
    }

    @Override
    public double getPerimeter() {

        return 2 * radius * Math.PI;

    }



    public boolean contains(Circle2D circle2D) {
        double distance = getPoint().distance(circle2D.x, circle2D.y);

        if (distance <= Math.abs(this.radius - circle2D.radius)) {
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public static boolean c1ContainsC2(Circle c1, Circle c2) {
        Circle2D cir1 = new Circle2D(c1);
        Circle2D cir2 =new Circle2D(c2);

        return cir1.contains(cir2);
    }

    public static boolean c1OverlapsC2(Circle c1, Circle c2) {
        Circle2D cir1 = new Circle2D(c1);
        Circle2D cir2 =new Circle2D(c2);

        if (cir1.contains(cir2) || cir2.contains(cir1)) return false;

        return cir1.overlaps(cir2);
    }

    public boolean overlaps(Circle2D circle2D) {
        double distance = getPoint().distance(circle2D.x, circle2D.y);

        if (distance  <= this.radius + circle2D.radius)
            return true;
        else
            return false;

    }

    private MyPoint getPoint() {
        return new MyPoint(this.x, this.y);
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Circle2D{" +
                "x=" + x +
                ", y=" + y +
                ", radius=" + radius +
                '}';
    }

    public boolean contains(double x, double y) {

        double distance = getPoint().distance(x, y);

        if (distance <= radius) return true;
        else return false;
    }
}

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.geometry.HPos;
import javafx.geometry.Insets;
import javafx.geometry.Pos;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.ContentDisplay;
import javafx.scene.control.Label;
import javafx.scene.control.TextField;
import javafx.scene.layout.GridPane;
import javafx.scene.layout.HBox;
import javafx.scene.layout.Pane;
import javafx.scene.layout.VBox;
import javafx.scene.paint.Color;
import javafx.scene.shape.Circle;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class Exercise_08 extends Application {

    @Override
    public void start(Stage primaryStage) throws Exception {

        CirclePane cPane = new CirclePane();

        primaryStage.setScene(new Scene(cPane));
        primaryStage.setTitle("Circle Stage");
        primaryStage.show();

    }

    private class CirclePane extends GridPane {


        Label lblIsIntersect; // Tells whether the circles intersect
        String intersectString = "Two Circles Intersect? ";

        Circle[] circles = new Circle[2]; // convenience array
        CircleInfoPane[] cInfoPane = new CircleInfoPane[2];
        Circle c1;
        Circle c2;



        private CirclePane() {

            // Label and circle's default values
            lblIsIntersect = new Label("Two Circles Intersect? No");
            c1 = new Circle(80, 80, 50);
            c2 = new Circle(200, 80, 50);
            circles[0] = c1;
            circles[1] = c2;
            // Connect the circles with the text fields;
            for (int i = 0; i < circles.length; i++) {
                cInfoPane[i] = new CircleInfoPane(
                        "Circle Info " + (i + 1) + ":", circles[i]);
                circles[i].setFill(Color.TRANSPARENT);
                circles[i].setStroke(Color.BLACK);

            }
            // Create Pane to hold the two circles
            Pane cPane = new Pane(circles);
            cPane.setPadding(new Insets(10));
            cPane.setStyle("-fx-border-color: green");

            // Create Hbox to hold lblIsIntersect and make it center
            HBox topLabelPane = new HBox(lblIsIntersect);
            topLabelPane.setAlignment(Pos.CENTER);

            // add listeners to c1, c2
            for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
                final int index = i;
                circles[i].setOnMouseDragged(e-> {
                    circles[index].setCenterX(e.getX());
                    circles[index].setCenterY(e.getY());
                    updateStats();
                    cInfoPane[index].update();
                });
            }

            // add nodes to this pane
            add(topLabelPane, 0, 0, 2, 1);
            add(cPane, 0, 1, 2, 1);

            HBox hBoxInfo = new HBox(cInfoPane);
            hBoxInfo.setSpacing(10);
            add(hBoxInfo, 0, 2, 2, 2);

            setVgap(5);
            setHgap(10);
            setPadding(new Insets(10));

            GridPane.setHalignment(topLabelPane, HPos.CENTER);
            GridPane.setHalignment(hBoxInfo, HPos.CENTER);
            autosize();

        }
        // Updates textfields when circles are moved
        private void updateStats() {
            lblIsIntersect.setText(
                    (Circle2D.c1OverlapsC2(c1, c2)) ? intersectString + "Yes" : intersectString + "No");
        }

        private class CircleInfoPane extends VBox {

            TextField[] mTextFields = new TextField[3];
            private TextField tfCenterX;
            private Label lblCenterX;

            private TextField tfCenterY;
            private Label lblCenterY;

            private TextField tfRadius;
            private Label lblRadius;

            Circle mCircle;
            private CircleInfoPane(String title, Circle c) {

                mCircle = c;
                Label lblTitle = new Label(title);
                HBox titlePane = new HBox(lblTitle);
                titlePane.setAlignment(Pos.CENTER);

                tfCenterX = new TextField();
                mTextFields[0] = tfCenterX;
                tfCenterX.setPrefColumnCount(4);
                tfCenterX.setText(Double.toString(c.getCenterX()));

                lblCenterX = new Label("Center x:", tfCenterX);
                lblCenterX.setContentDisplay(ContentDisplay.RIGHT);
                HBox centerXPane = new HBox(lblCenterX);

                tfCenterY = new TextField();
                mTextFields[1] = tfCenterY;
                tfCenterY.setPrefColumnCount(4);
                tfCenterY.setText(Double.toString(c.getCenterY()));
                lblCenterY = new Label("Center y:", tfCenterY);
                lblCenterY.setContentDisplay(ContentDisplay.RIGHT);
                HBox centerYPane = new HBox(lblCenterY);

                tfRadius = new TextField();
                mTextFields[2] = tfRadius;
                tfRadius.setPrefColumnCount(4);
                tfRadius.setText(Double.toString(c.getRadius()));
                lblRadius = new Label("Radius:", tfRadius);
                lblRadius.setContentDisplay(ContentDisplay.RIGHT);
                HBox radiusPane = new HBox(lblRadius);

                getChildren().addAll(titlePane, centerXPane, centerYPane, radiusPane);

                setStyle("-fx-border-color: black;");

                // set listeners
                for (TextField tf : mTextFields) {
                    tf.setOnAction(e -> updateCircleStats());
                }
            }

            private void updateCircleStats(){
                mCircle.setCenterX(Double.parseDouble(tfCenterX.getText()));
                mCircle.setCenterY(Double.parseDouble(tfCenterY.getText()));
                mCircle.setRadius(Double.parseDouble(tfRadius.getText()));
            }

            private void update() {
                tfCenterX.setText(mCircle.getCenterX() + "");
                tfCenterY.setText(mCircle.getCenterY() + "");
                tfRadius.setText(mCircle.getRadius() + "");
            }
        }
    }


    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Application.launch(args);
    }
}

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