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Saturday, 24 December 2016

Chapter 14 Exercise 21, Introduction to Java Programming, Tenth Edition Y. Daniel LiangY.

14.21 (Two circles and their distance)
Write a program that draws two filled circles with radius 15 pixels,
centered at random locations, with a line connecting the two circles.
The distance between the two centers is displayed on the line,
as shown in Figure 14.49b.


public class MyPoint {

    public double x;
    public double y;

    public MyPoint(double x, double y) {
        this.x = x;
        this.y = y;
    }

    public MyPoint() {
        this(0,0);
    }

    public double x() {
        return x;
    }

    public void setX(double x) {
        this.x = x;
    }

    public double y() {
        return y;
    }

    public void setY(double y) {
        this.y = y;
    }

    public double distance(double x, double y) {
        return Math.sqrt((this.x - x) * (this.x - x) + (this.y - y) * (this.y - y));
    }

    public double distance(MyPoint point) {

        return distance(point.x, point.y);
    }

    public MyPoint getCenterPoint(MyPoint p) {

        return new MyPoint((p.x + this.x) / 2, (p.y + this.y) / 2);
    }

    public static MyPoint getCenterPoint(double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2) {
        return new MyPoint((x1 + x2) / 2, (y1 + y2) / 2);
    }

    /** Return true if this point is on the left side of the
     *  directed line from p0 to p1 */
    public boolean leftOfTheLine(MyPoint p0, MyPoint p1) {

        return leftOfTheLine(p0.x, p0.y, p1.x, p1.y, x, y);
    }

    /** Return true if this point is on the same
     *  line from p0 to p1 */
    public boolean onTheSameLine(MyPoint p0, MyPoint p1) {

        return onTheSameLine(p0.x, p0.y, p1.x, p1.y, x, y);

    }

    /** Return true if this point is on the right side of the
     *  directed line from p0 to p1 */
    public boolean rightOfTheLine(MyPoint p0, MyPoint p1) {

        return rightOfTheLine(p0.x, p0.y, p1.x, p1.y, x, y);

    }

    /** Return true if this point is on the
     *  line segment from p0 to p1 */
    public boolean onTheLineSegment(MyPoint p0, MyPoint p1) {

        return onTheLineSegment(p0.x, p0.y, p1.x, p1.y, x, y);

    }


    /** Return true if point (x2, y2) is on the left side of the
     *  directed line from (x0, y0) to (x1, y1) */
    public static boolean leftOfTheLine(double x0, double y0, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2){

        return (x1 - x0) * (y2 - y0) - (x2 - x0) * (y1 - y0) > 0;
    }
    /** Return true if point (x2, y2) is on the same
     *  line from (x0, y0) to (x1, y1) */
    public static boolean onTheSameLine(double x0, double y0, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2) {

        return (x1 - x0) * (y2 - y0) - (x2 - x0) * (y1 - y0) == 0;
    }
    /** Return true if point (x2, y2) is on the
     *  line segment from (x0, y0) to (x1, y1) */
    public static boolean onTheLineSegment(double x0, double y0, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2) {

        double position = (x1 - x0) * (y2 - y0) - (x2 - x0) * (y1 - y0);

        return position <= 0.0000000001 && ((x0 <= x2 && x2 <= x1) || (x0 >= x2 && x2 >= x1));
    }

    /** Return true if point (x2, y2) is on the right side of the
     *  directed line from (x0, y0) to (x1, y1) */
    public static boolean rightOfTheLine(double x0, double y0, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2){

        return (x1 - x0) * (y2 - y0) - (x2 - x0) * (y1 - y0) < 0;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "(" + x + ", " + y + ")";
    }

}

import javafx.collections.ObservableList;
import javafx.geometry.Point2D;
import javafx.scene.Node;
import javafx.scene.layout.Pane;
import javafx.scene.paint.Color;
import javafx.scene.shape.Circle;
import javafx.scene.shape.Line;
import javafx.scene.text.Text;

import java.util.ArrayList;

public class PaneCollection {


    public static void drawArrowLine(double x1, double y1, double x2,   double y2, Pane pane) {
        drawArrowLine(x1, y1, x2, y2, pane, 15);
    }

    public static void drawArrowLine(double x1, double y1, double x2,   double y2, Pane pane, int length) {
        drawArrowLine(new Line(x1, y1, x2, y2), pane, length);
    }

    public static void drawArrowLine(Line line, Pane pane) {
        drawArrowLine(line, pane, 15);
    }

    public static void drawArrowLine(Line line, Pane pane, int length) {
        ObservableList<Node> list = pane.getChildren();

        double arctan = Math.atan(slope(line));
        double set45 = (line.getStartX() > line.getEndX()) ? 1.57 / 2 : -1.57 * 1.5;

        list.add(line);
        list.add(new Line(line.getEndX(), line.getEndY(),
                (line.getEndX() + Math.cos(arctan - set45) * length),
                (line.getEndY() + Math.sin(arctan - set45) * length)));
        list.add(new Line(line.getEndX(), line.getEndY(),
                (line.getEndX() + Math.cos(arctan + set45) * length),
                (line.getEndY() + Math.sin(arctan + set45) * length)));
    }

    public static double slope(Line line) {
        return (line.getStartY() - line.getEndY()) / (line.getStartX() - line.getEndX());
    }

    public static double distance(double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2) {

        return Math.sqrt((x1 - x2) * (x1 - x2) + (y1 - y2) * (y1 - y2));
    }

    public static double distance(Line line) {
        return distance(line.getStartX(), line.getStartY(), line.getEndX(), line.getEndY());
    }

    public static MyPoint getCenterPoint(Line line) {

        return new MyPoint(
                (line.getStartX() + line.getEndX()) / 2,
                (line.getStartY() + line.getEndY()) / 2);
    }

    public static void drawPointCounter(Pane pane, Point2D[] points) {
        int counter = 1;

        for (Point2D point : points) {
            Circle temp = new Circle(point.getX(), point.getY(), 5, Color.TRANSPARENT);
            Text text = new Text(point.getX(), point.getY(), "" + counter++);
            pane.getChildren().addAll(temp, text);
        }
    }

    public static boolean containsPoint(ArrayList<Point2D> points, double x, double y) {
        for (Point2D p : points) {
            if (p.getX() == x && p.getY() == y) return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    public static boolean removePoint(ArrayList<Point2D> points, double x, double y) {

        int index = 0;
        for (Point2D p : points) {
            if (p.getX() == x && p.getY() == y) {
                points.remove(index);
                return true;
            }
            index++;
        }
        return false;
    }

    public static Line copyLine(Line l) {
        return new Line(l.getStartX(), l.getStartY(), l.getEndX(), l.getEndY());
    }


}

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.layout.Pane;
import javafx.scene.shape.Circle;
import javafx.scene.shape.Line;
import javafx.scene.shape.Shape;
import javafx.scene.text.Text;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

import java.util.ArrayList;

public class Exercise_21 extends Application{

    @Override
    public void start(Stage primaryStage) throws Exception {

        Pane pane = new Pane();
        double width = 400;
        double height = 400;
        double radius = 15;

        ArrayList<Shape> shapes = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
            Circle c = new Circle(
                    Math.random() * width,
                    Math.random() * height, radius);
            shapes.add(c);
        }
        Circle c1 = (Circle)shapes.get(0);
        Circle c2 = (Circle)shapes.get(1);

        Line line = new Line(c1.getCenterX(), c1.getCenterY(), c2.getCenterX(), c2.getCenterY());
        shapes.add(line);

        double distance = PaneCollection.distance(line);
        MyPoint center = PaneCollection.getCenterPoint(line);

        shapes.add(new Text(center.x, center.y, Double.toString(distance)));

        pane.getChildren().addAll(shapes);
        primaryStage.setTitle("Draw two Circles");
        primaryStage.setScene(new Scene(pane, width, height));
        primaryStage.show();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        Application.launch(args);

    }
}

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