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Thursday, 10 November 2016

Chapter 12 Exercise 1, Introduction to Java Programming, Tenth Edition Y. Daniel LiangY.

12.1 Listing 7.9, Calculator.java, is a simple commandline calculator.
Note that the program terminates if any operand is nonnumeric.
Write a program with an exception handler that deals with nonnumeric
operands; then write another program without using an exception handler
to achieve the same objective. Your program should display a message that
informs the user of the wrong operand type before exiting (see Figure 12.12).

import java.util.ArrayList;

public class MyString1 {

    char[] chars;

    public MyString1(char[] chars) {

        this.chars = new char[chars.length];

        for (int i = 0; i < chars.length; i++)
            this.chars[i] = chars[i];


    }

    public MyString1(String string) {
        this(string.toCharArray());
    }

    public char charAt(int index)  {

        return chars[index];

    }

    public int length() {

        return chars.length;
    }

    public MyString1 substring(int begin, int end) {
        char[] s = new char[end - begin];
        for (int i = begin; i < end; i++) {
            s[i - begin ] = chars[i];
        }
        return new MyString1(s);
    }

    public MyString1 toLowerCase() {
        // A = 65
        // a = 97
        char[] lowerCase = new char[chars.length];

        for (int i = 0; i < chars.length; i++) {
            if (chars[i] >= 'A' && chars[i] <= 'Z') {
                lowerCase[i] = (char)(chars[i] + 32);
            } else {
                lowerCase[i] = chars[i];
            }
        }

        return new MyString1(lowerCase);

    }

    public boolean equals(MyString1 s) {

        for (int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++) {
            if (s.charAt(i) != chars[i]) return false;
        }

        return true;
    }

    public static MyString1 valueOf(int i) {

        int length = getCount(i);
        char[] number = new char[length];
        for (int j = length - 1; j >= 0; j--) {
            number[j] = (char)('0' + (i % 10));
            i /= 10;
        }
        return new MyString1(number);
    }

    public static MyString1 valueOf(long i) {

        int length = getCount(i);
        char[] number = new char[length];
        for (int j = length - 1; j >= 0; j--) {
            number[j] = (char)('0' + (i % 10));
            i /= 10;
        }
        return new MyString1(number);
    }

    private static int getCount(long i) {
        int length = 0;
        while (i > 0) {
            i /= 10;
            length++;
        }
        return length;
    }

    public int compare(String s) {

        int limit = Math.min(s.length(), length());

        char[] chArray = s.toCharArray();
        int i = 0;
        while (i < limit) {
            char ch1 = charAt(i);
            char ch2 = chArray[i];
            if (ch1 != ch2) {
                return ch1 - ch2;
            }
            i++;
        }

        return length() - s.length();

    }

    public int compare(MyString1 s) {

        return compare(new String(s.toChars()));

    }
    public MyString1 substring(int begin) {
        return substring(begin, chars.length);
    }
    public MyString1 toUpperCase() {

        char[] temp = new char[chars.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < chars.length; i++) {
            if (chars[i] >= 'a' && chars[i] <='z') {
                temp[i] = (char)(chars[i] - 32);
            } else {
                temp[i] = chars[i];
            }
        }

        return new MyString1(temp);
    }
    public char[] toChars() {
        return chars;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return new String(chars);
    }

    public static MyString1 valueOf(boolean b) {
        return new MyString1((b) ? "true" : "false");
    }

    //  split("ab#12#453", "#") returns ab, #, 12, #, 453
    public static String[] split(String s, String regex) {

        if (isRegexArray(regex)) {
            return arraySplit(s, regex);
        } else {
            return wordSplit(s, regex);
        }

    }

    private static String[] wordSplit(String s, String regex) {

        ArrayList<String> temp = new ArrayList<>();

        int newIndex = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < s.length() - regex.length(); i++) {

            if (regex.compareTo(s.substring(i, i + regex.length() )) == 0) {
                temp.add(s.substring(newIndex, i));
                temp.add(regex);
                newIndex = i + regex.length();
            }

        }
        temp.add(s.substring(newIndex, s.length()));
        return temp.toArray(new String[temp.size()]);
    }

    private static String[] arraySplit(String s, String regex) {
        char[] regexChars = getRegex(regex);

        ArrayList<String> temp = new ArrayList<>();
        int newIndex = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++) {
            char ch = s.charAt(i);
            for (int j = 0; j < regexChars.length; j++) {

                if (ch == regexChars[j]) {
                    if (newIndex != i)
                        temp.add(s.substring(newIndex, i));
                    temp.add("" + regexChars[j]);
                    newIndex = i + 1;
                }
            }
        }
        temp.add(s.substring(newIndex, s.length()));
        return temp.toArray(new String[temp.size()]);
    }

    private static char[] getRegex(String regex) {

        if (regex.charAt(0) != '[' && regex.charAt(regex.length() - 1) != ']')
            return regex.toCharArray();
        else
            return regex.substring(1, regex.length() - 1).toCharArray();

    }

    private static boolean isRegexArray(String regex) {
        return (regex.charAt(0) == '[' && regex.charAt(regex.length() - 1) == ']');
    }

}

public class Exercise_01 {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // combine all args into one string
        String allInOne = "";
        for (String arg : args) {
            allInOne += arg;
        }
        // Split items from a string
        String[] tokens = MyString1.split(allInOne, "[+-*/]");

        // Check number of strings passed
        if (tokens.length != 3) {
            System.out.println("Usage: java Calculator \"operand1 operator operand2\"");
            System.exit(0);
        }

        // The result of the operation
        int result = 0;

        try {
            // Determine the operator
            switch (tokens[1].charAt(0)) {
                case '+':
                    result = Integer.parseInt(tokens[0]) + Integer.parseInt(tokens[2]);
                    break;
                case '-':
                    result = Integer.parseInt(tokens[0]) - Integer.parseInt(tokens[2]);
                    break;
                case '*':
                    result = Integer.parseInt(tokens[0]) * Integer.parseInt(tokens[2]);
                    break;
                case '/':
                    result = Integer.parseInt(tokens[0]) / Integer.parseInt(tokens[2]);
            }
        } catch (NumberFormatException ex) {
            System.out.println("ERROR "+ ex.getMessage());
            System.exit(0);
        }

        // Display result
        System.out.println(tokens[0] + ' ' + tokens[1] + ' '
                + tokens[2] + " = " + result);
    }

    public static boolean isNumeric(String s) {
        for (char ch : s.toCharArray()) {
            if (ch < '0' || ch > '9') return false;
        }
        return true;
    }
}

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