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Sunday, 6 November 2016

Chapter 11 Exercise 15, Introduction to Java Programming, Tenth Edition Y. Daniel LiangY.

11.15 (Area of a convex polygon)
A polygon is convex if it contains any line segments that connects
two points of the polygon. Write a program that prompts the user to enter
the number of points in a convex polygon, then enter the points clockwise,
and display the area of the polygon.
public class MyPoint {

    public double x;
    public double y;

    public MyPoint(double x, double y) {
        this.x = x;
        this.y = y;
    }

    public MyPoint() {
        this(0,0);
    }

    public double x() {
        return x;
    }

    public void setX(double x) {
        this.x = x;
    }

    public double y() {
        return y;
    }

    public void setY(double y) {
        this.y = y;
    }

    public double distance(double x, double y) {
        return Math.sqrt((this.x - x) * (this.x - x) + (this.y - y) * (this.y - y));
    }

    public double distance(MyPoint point) {

        return distance(point.x, point.y);
    }

    public MyPoint getCenterPoint(MyPoint p) {

        return new MyPoint((p.x + this.x) / 2, (p.y + this.y) / 2);
    }

    public static MyPoint getCenterPoint(double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2) {
        return new MyPoint((x1 + x2) / 2, (y1 + y2) / 2);
    }

    /** Return true if this point is on the left side of the
     *  directed line from p0 to p1 */
    public boolean leftOfTheLine(MyPoint p0, MyPoint p1) {

        return leftOfTheLine(p0.x, p0.y, p1.x, p1.y, x, y);
    }

    /** Return true if this point is on the same
     *  line from p0 to p1 */
    public boolean onTheSameLine(MyPoint p0, MyPoint p1) {

        return onTheSameLine(p0.x, p0.y, p1.x, p1.y, x, y);

    }

    /** Return true if this point is on the right side of the
     *  directed line from p0 to p1 */
    public boolean rightOfTheLine(MyPoint p0, MyPoint p1) {

        return rightOfTheLine(p0.x, p0.y, p1.x, p1.y, x, y);

    }

    /** Return true if this point is on the
     *  line segment from p0 to p1 */
    public boolean onTheLineSegment(MyPoint p0, MyPoint p1) {

        return onTheLineSegment(p0.x, p0.y, p1.x, p1.y, x, y);

    }


    /** Return true if point (x2, y2) is on the left side of the
     *  directed line from (x0, y0) to (x1, y1) */
    public static boolean leftOfTheLine(double x0, double y0, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2){

        return (x1 - x0) * (y2 - y0) - (x2 - x0) * (y1 - y0) > 0;
    }
    /** Return true if point (x2, y2) is on the same
     *  line from (x0, y0) to (x1, y1) */
    public static boolean onTheSameLine(double x0, double y0, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2) {

        return (x1 - x0) * (y2 - y0) - (x2 - x0) * (y1 - y0) == 0;
    }
    /** Return true if point (x2, y2) is on the
     *  line segment from (x0, y0) to (x1, y1) */
    public static boolean onTheLineSegment(double x0, double y0, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2) {

        double position = (x1 - x0) * (y2 - y0) - (x2 - x0) * (y1 - y0);

        return position <= 0.0000000001 && ((x0 <= x2 && x2 <= x1) || (x0 >= x2 && x2 >= x1));
    }

    /** Return true if point (x2, y2) is on the right side of the
     *  directed line from (x0, y0) to (x1, y1) */
    public static boolean rightOfTheLine(double x0, double y0, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2){

        return (x1 - x0) * (y2 - y0) - (x2 - x0) * (y1 - y0) < 0;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "(" + x + ", " + y + ")";
    }

}

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Scanner;

public class Exercise_15 {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        Scanner input = new Scanner(System.in);
        System.out.print("Enter the number of the points: ");
        int numOfPoints = input.nextInt();

        System.out.print("Enter the coordinates of the points: ");
        ArrayList<MyPoint> points = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int i = 0; i < numOfPoints; i++) {
            points.add(new MyPoint(input.nextDouble(), input.nextDouble()));
        }


        System.out.println("The total area is " + getConvexPolygonArea(points));

    }

    //  Area of a Convex Polygon
    // http://www.mathwords.com/a/area_convex_polygon.htm
    public static double getConvexPolygonArea(ArrayList<MyPoint> points) {
        // points must be counter clockwise
        double sum1 = 0;
        double sum2 = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < points.size(); i++) {
            int limitIndex = (i + 1) % points.size();
            MyPoint p1 = points.get(i);
            MyPoint p2 = points.get(limitIndex);
            System.out.println("P1 index = " + i);
            System.out.println("P2 index =" + limitIndex);
            sum1 += (p1.x * p2.y);
            sum2 += (p1.y * p2.x);
        }

        double area = 0.5 * (sum1 - sum2);
        return (area > 0) ? area : -area;
    }

}

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